Following the Second World War the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), a milestone document in the history of human rights was drafted. It was drafted by representatives from all over the world.  The Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on the 10th December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It set out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected.

The United Nations Declaration of Human Rights provides in Article 1 that

“all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights”

and, in Article 2 says that

“everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this declaration, without discrimination of any kind.”

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